Cannabidiol (most commonly known as CBD) is the second most active ingredient in cannabis, specifically the hemp plant. It’s one of more than 100 naturally occurring cannabinoids — compounds that are found in the cannabis plant. The flowers of cannabis (both hemp and marijuana) secrete a sticky resin abundant in cannabinoids including CBD, as well as terpenes and various other phytochemicals.
In recent years, CBD has become popular within natural wellness circles because of its medicinal properties to help relieve pain. Natural Ways is proud to carry CBD in three different varieties including, Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and Isolate. Discover the differences of these types of CBD and other important terms with the following review from our experts.
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Understanding The CBD Difference
Full Spectrum vs. Broad Spectrum vs. Isolate
Full Spectrum | <0.3% THC
Full spectrum means that an oil or product contains all of the cannabinoids that are naturally occurring in the cannabis plant, including a small amount of THC (less than 0.3%). Quality full spectrum CBD products are typically high in CBD, with only trace amounts of minor cannabinoids and very low THC. Natural Ways offers a variety of full spectrum CBD products including tinctures, edibles, and topicals.
Includes all active hemp-derived cannabinoids
Includes Most active hemp-derived cannabinoids EXCEPT for THC
Third party tested to ensure non-detectable levels of THC (less than .05%)
Broad Spectrum | 0% THC*
Broad-spectrum CBD contains cannabidiol and all the other compounds within the plant except for THC, which is completely removed after the initial extraction. Because broad-spectrum extracts contain multiple cannabinoids, they provide better results than an Isolate product without the THC.
Isolate | 0% THC
CBD isolate is a form of CBD (cannabidiol) and is made by pulling CBD directly from the cannabis plant. It is the only product that contains pure CBD without other minor cannabinoids or THC. Most other CBD products contain at least a small percentage of THC. This means that isolated CBD doesn’t contain any of the beneficial terpenes or flavonoids that encourage the entourage effect.
CBD Terms to Know
CBC is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid with a host of potential therapeutic applications. Discovered over 50 years ago, CBC is considered one of the “big six” cannabinoids prominent in medical research and is being studied for a wide variety of physical and neurological conditions.
While CBC definitely has singular benefits, researchers also think that it seems to synergistically work with other cannabinoids in what scientists term the “entourage effect.”
Cannabigerol (CBG) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that plays an important role in the biochemistry of the cannabis plant. CBG acts as a chemical precursor to other cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. CBG is present only in trace amounts in most cannabis strains, however some hemp strains are specifically cultivated to generate higher yields of this cannabinoid.
CBG displays a multitude of potential health benefits. It interacts with both the CB1 and CB2 receptors, acting as a possible inhibitor to the psychoactive effects of THC. CBG is also thought to boost anandamide, an endocannabinoid that naturally increases dopamine levels and is responsible for regulating various health functions such as mood, sleep, and appetite.
As cannabis research continues to rapidly evolve, CBG may emerge as one of the most therapeutically applicable and diverse cannabinoids, and here at Natural Ways we are pleased to be able to offer it to our customers.
CBN has been studied extensively as a helpful compound to support sleep. It is a non-intoxicating compound that is best known as the cannabinoid created when THC ages. For that reason, it’s usually present in high amounts in older cannabis.
Cannabinol or CBN is mildly psychoactive with strong sedative effects. Information on interactions between CBN and prescription medications or other drugs is very limited.
Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) is a cannabinoid acid naturally produced in cannabis plants, most commonly found in raw hemp and marijuana plants. CBDA is the acidic form of CBD, meaning CBDA is the precursor to CBD. When heat is applied to CBDA in a process called decarboxylation, it converts to CBD. This can happen when the plant is exposed to heat, dried out, or processed.
Most growing cannabis plants contain small amounts of CBD. CBD usually first exists as CBDA, and it isn’t until the plant is processed that the CBDA turns into CBD. Since CBDA is the acidic version of CBD, CBDA interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system differently than CBD.
CBDV is structurally similar to CBD (cannabidiol). Like CBD, CBDV is not intoxicating when isolated, so it won’t cause the euphoric high associated with high-THC cannabis.
Research indicates that CBDv is found mainly in C. indica strains sourced from Asia and Africa, as well as strains naturally lower in THC. Strains that are high in CBD also typically tend to be higher in CBDv.
As researchers continue to study CBDV, they are finding that this compound has many similar therapeutic effects to CBD.
THC (Delta 8)
Delta-8 is short for delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol, or delta-8 THC. Delta-8 THC can cause effects similar to regular delta-9 THC—but they will be much less potent. When THC is stored for a long period of time, it degrades into delta-8-THC.
Delta-8-THC is an analog of THC and has a similar molecular structure with a few notable differences. While the two share many similar properties, such as helping to stimulate appetite, reduce nausea, and soothe pain, delta-8-THC tends to exhibit a lower psychotropic potency than THC when inhaled. When ingested, however, delta-8-THC may be able to deliver the same intoxicating effects as THC.
THC (Delta 9)
THC stands for delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol or Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ-9-THC). It is a cannabinoid molecule in marijuana (cannabis) which is the main psychoactive ingredient—that is, the substance that causes people who use marijuana to feel high. Large amounts of THC are found in a majority of cannabis strains.
Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) is the most abundant non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis. It is a cannabis compound that is beginning to demonstrate therapeutic potential despite the infancy of its research. You’ve heard of THC, and while they may sound similar, THCA has very different properties. Unlike THC, THCA is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in raw and live cannabis. As the plant dries, THCA slowly converts to THC.
Quality CBD from Natural Ways
Because the cannabis industry has continued to gain momentum, counterfeit CBD oil is being sold across the country. Natural Ways is committed to carrying the highest quality CBD oils, tinctures, edibles, and topical creams. All of our products have been lab tested to ensure that the CBD and THC ingredients are compliant with federal and state limits. In addition to verifying that every product is free of any harmful substances, we make every effort to ensure that our CBD is derived only from organic hemp plants found in the USA. It’s our goal to provide products that you’ll be able to use confidently for years to come.